Entete 3

Author Archives: Tarek Bouhali

“The Impact of Primary Care Teams on Multimorbidity (IMPCT): Optimizing care for patients living with multiple chronic conditions” meeting

By Tarek Bouhali

On December 8-9, 2011, the first meeting of “The Impact of Primary Care Teams on Multimorbidity (IMPCT): Optimizing care for patients living with multiple chronic conditions” team was held at the INSPQ (Institut national de santé publique du Québec) offices in Montréal (Quebec, Canada). Over the two days, we have greatly benefited from the very animated discussions among our panel of speakers and discussants. We would therefore like to thank and congratulate each one of them for sharing their wide-ranging perspectives.

This gathering of 28 team members and collaborators from various disciplines including academic researchers, policy-makers, public health practitioners, program specialists and representatives from government agencies was convened to examine issues related to multimorbidity in various Canadian jurisdictions (Quebec, Ontario, Alberta) as well as in many other countries such as the USA, the UK, the Netherlands and Australia.

During the consultation process and workshops, we received input and recommendations on intervention strategies that will help the IMPCT team enhance its efforts focused on patients with or at highest risk for multimorbidity and complexity. Although IMPCT interventions will be patient-centered, the IMPCT Panel has paid attention to recommendations of policy-makers to expand the reach to organizational levels.

The team’s leads (Martin Fortin, Jean-Frédéric Levesque and Renée F. Lyons) take pride in having hosted this meeting. They hope that the presentations given and the discussions that followed during this meeting have generated a better appreciation of the nuances on key issues and objectives, as well as research questions and strategic decisions that will be included in the team grant application to the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).

Thanks again to all the participants and international collaborators for taking the time to be a part of this important meeting. We value members’ expertise and appreciate their continued support and commitment to the upcoming team grant proposal. A special thank you is owed to Meghan McMahon from CIHR for taking the time to present the details of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Community-Based Primary Health Care (CIHR CBPHC) Team Grant Competition to the meeting participants. We would also like to thank our international collaborators (Grant Russell, Australia; Jane Gunn, Australia; Michel Wensing, The Netherlands; Stewart Mercer, UK; Stephen Peckham, UK) who shared their views and experiences via telephone conferences.

The IMPCT team is preparing a meeting summary report that will be made available to all participants by next week.

Top row left to right: Christine Loignon, Guillaume Ruel, William L. Miller, Erin Strumpf, Antoine Boivin, Frances Gallagher, Debbie Feldman, Cecile Bensimon, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Sylvie Provost, Mary Byrnes, William Hogg, Benjamin F. Crabtree, Maxime Ouellette. Front row, left to right: Martin Fortin, Jean-Frédéric Lévesque, Renee F. Lyons, Catherine Hudon, Moira Stewart, Denise Campbell-Scherer. Meeting participants missing from the picture: Jeannie Haggerty, Robert Salois, Marie-Dominique Beaulieu.

The integration of physician-patient-nurse collaboration for patients with multimorbidity seen in a Family Medicine Group setting: A pilot study

By Tarek Bouhali

A Family medicine group (FMG) is a group of family physicians who work in close cooperation with nurses to offer health care services to registered individuals. On average, a FMG serves 15,000 people, and involves 10 doctors and two nurses [1]. This new form of group practice based on patient-centered approaches leads to interprofessional collaboration.

Interprofessional collaboration usually involves two disciplines or professionals, who interact continuously in a joint effort to solve or explore common issues. This approach involves active patient participation, gives priority to his/her goals and values, and establishes mechanisms for continuous communication among health care providers. Working within such a structure requires a redefinition of the physician-nurse partnership. Evidence-based interprofessional collaboration should involve intra-disciplinary and interdisciplinary participation in clinical decision making, and encourages the contribution of all professionals [2]. A number of studies has highlighted the need to redefine inter-professional collaboration to include the patient as participant as his/her perspective has been missing so far [2-4].

In this regard, the present pilot study aims to:

1) clarify the expectations of physicians, patients, and nurses involved in a collaborative approach;

2) identify the elements of collaboration that are prioritized by the participating professionals;

3) document the experience of collaboration among physicians, nurses and patients;

4) assess the feasibility of using generic outcome measures;

5) collect preliminary data on the variability of results and their sensitivity to changes in patients with multimorbidity.

Patients included in this study are adults (40 to 65 years) with at least two chronic diseases from two FMGs in the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region (Quebec, Canada). Two family physicians and two nurses from each FMG will form four physician-nurse teams. Ten patients will be recruited among each of the participating physician’s practice, for a total of 40 patients.

Physicians and nurses will take part in a training session on physician-patient-nurse collaboration. They will then participate in individual interviews to express their expectations (T0), and discuss strategies and tools used to make collaboration more relevant and responsive to patients with multiple chronic conditions at two other times (T1 and T2).

Two evaluations are planned for patients: before the first visit (T0), and 24 weeks later (T2). Before starting the collaborative process (T0), patients will be invited to participate in a focus group to clarify their expectations. Patients met at T0 will be asked to participate in a second focus group at T2 to discuss elements of satisfaction or dissatisfaction regarding physician-patient-nurse collaboration. At T0 and T2, they will be asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire on quality of life, self-efficacy, functional level, process of care and the achievement of personal goals.

Interprofessional collaboration in patient care has the potential to lead to positive impacts on the process of patient empowerment and self-efficacy. It can also contribute to an improvement in patients’ quality of life and a decrease in their level of psychological distress. Their perception of health care quality should improve as well. This pilot study will allow us to define the form that may take the intervention and methodological elements of a subsequent larger demonstration project.

1.         Commissaire à la santé et au bien-être. Rapport d’appréciation de la performance du système de santé et de services sociaux 2009: État de situation portant sur le système de santé et de services sociaux sur sa première ligne de soins. Québec; 2009.
2.         Juanita Barrett, Vernon Curran, Lindsay Glynn. Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF) Synthesis: Interprofessional Collaboration and Quality Primary Healthcare, December 2007. http://www.chsrf.ca/Migrated/PDF/ResearchReports/CommissionedResearch/SynthesisReport_E_rev4_FINAL.pdf)
3.         Beaulieu M-D, Denis JL, D’ Amour D, et al. L’implantation des Groupes de médecine de famille : un défi de la réorganisation de la pratique et de la collaboration interprofessionnelle. Montréal: Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF); 2006. (http://www.chsrf.ca/migrated/pdf/pastprograms/beaulieu_final.pdf )
4.         Ivy Oandasan, G.Ross Baker, et al. Teamwork in Healthcare: Promoting effective teamwork in healthcare in Canada. Canadian Health Services Research Foundation (CHSRF). Ottawa: FCRSS; 2006. (http://www.chsrf.ca/Migrated/PDF/ResearchReports/CommissionedResearch/teamwork-synthesis-report_e.pdf )